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The US Army Engineer Research and Development Center has published the report/note described and linked below. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Measuring Very High Frequency and Ultrahigh Frequency Radio Noise in Urban Environments: A Mobile Measurement System for Radio-Frequency Noise
Caitlin E. Haedrich and Daniel J. Breton
Radio-frequency (RF) background noise is an important parameter in designing and predicting performance of RF communication and sensor systems. Modern man-made RF noise consists of unintentional emissions from sources such as electronic devices, power transmission lines, and internal combustion engine ignitions. Governments and academia have previously measured RF noise at fixed, representative locations within the urban environment. Considering the heterogeneous mix of office buildings, retail and residential buildings, transportation hubs, and parks that compromise modern cities, we hypothesize that RF-noise power varies significantly throughout the urban environment. To characterize this variability, we present a mobile, tunable RF-noise measurement system designed to record frequencies from 63 MHz to 1 GHz in a 1 MHz to 10 MHz bandwidth. This report describes the system design, including the choice of preselection filters, preamplifiers, and RF shielding necessary to measure low RF-noise levels while avoiding intermodulation distortion problems that arise in an environment with many strong emitters. Additionally, we describe techniques developed to reliably geolocate RF data in urban environments. GPS (global positioning system) reception is often poor in dense urban environments. We mitigate this issue by using a 1 m surveying wheel for geolocation.
47 pgs / 2.78 MB
ERDC is a diverse research organization with approximately 2,000 employees operating more than $1 billion in world class facilities at seven laboratories. Its annual program exceeds $1 billion as it supports the Department of Defense and other agencies in military and civilian projects. Principal research areas include Soldier support, Engineered Resilient Systems, Environmental Quality and Installations, Geospatial Research and Engineering, Military Engineering, and Water Resources. “Discover ▪ Develop ▪ Deliver” ERDCinfo@usace.army.mil
Release no. 19-016